Unthrifty loveliness, why does thou
self thy beauty's legacy ?
gives nothing but doth lend
And being frank she
lends to those are free:
niggard why does thou abuse,
largess given thee to give?
usurer , why dost thou use
So great a sum of
sums yet can'st not live?
traffic with thy self alone,
Thou of thy
self- thy sweet self dost deceive,
Then how when nature
call thee to be gone,
audit can'st thou leave?
unused beauty must be tombed with
Which used lives thy
executor to be.
Note the legal terms used in this
Note the repetition of the following words, we
thyself, thyself, thee, thee, thee, thou, thou, thou, thou,
Here Bacon complains that Herbert who has received a
legacy of beauty spends it only on himself-that nature's
-the power to have children-she lends to all people who are
free to use it. He calls Herbert a beautiful niggard (one
grudges to spend or give away) and tells him that he abuses
(makes a bad use of) the bountiful largess (bestowal of gifts)
given to him by nature-that he is a profitless usurer (someone
who lends without receiving any profit) yet he lives alone and
deceives himself-that when he dies (when nature calls him to
be gone) he cannot leave an account which would be acceptable-
that he has not used the beauty which nature has given to him
which is buried in himself, that if he had used it it would
lived in his executor.