SONNET NO. 47
Mine eyes and heart are at a mortal war,
Betwixt mine eye and heart a league is took,
And each doth good turns now unto the other,
When that mine eye is famish'd for a look,
Or heart in love with sighs himself doth smother,
With my love's picture then my eye doth feast,
And to the painted banquet bids my heart:
Another time mine eye is my hearts guest,
And in his thoughts of love doth share a part,
So, either by thy picture or my love,
Thyself away , are present still with me,
For thou not farther than my thoughts canst move,
And I am still with them, and they with thee,
Or if they sleep, thy picture in my sight,
Awakes my heart, to heart's and eye's delight.
Note the repetition of certain words, we find-picture, thy
picture, thy picture, mine eye, mine eye, mine eye, my love,
my love, love, love, love, my heart, my heart, my heart,
heart, heart (see Nos. 24, 46 and 48).
1st Line. A league means " a truce"
3rd Line. Compare with " Comedy of Errors", Act 2,
Scene 1: " While I at home starve for a merry
6th Line. " Bids " means " invites
Here we have another reference to Marguerite's picture and
a play on the words eye and heart which are in league (alliance)
with each other to show ber picture-that though she herself
is far away-her picture and his love bring her to his mind but
if his thoughts sleep-her picture in his mind awakes his heart.
There is no record that Will Shakspere had ever been in love
with any woman for three years and afterwards had been forced
to leave her and never see her again-so there was no occasion
for Shakspere to have ever written a sonnet like this one.