(Twenty- Five references prepared by Francis Carr)
I see you withdraw your favour from me, and now I have lost many friends for your sake: I shall lose you, too. You have put me like one of those that the Frenchmen call Enfans perdu...(lost children); so have you put me into matters of envy without Place or Strength. Francis Bacon to Queen Elizabeth, "Apologia"
You are my own son, but you, though truly royal, of fresh and masterly spirit shall rule nor England nor your mother, nor reign o'er subjects yet to be. ---1577, Queen Elizabeth I in an angry tone to a 16 year old Francis right after she reveals to Francis the secret of his parentage
The fact of Francis Bacon's Parentage--the legitimate son of Queen Elizabeth and therefore the legal heir to the Throne---is indubitable, supported as it is , not only by a mass of circumstantial evidence but by such direct testimony as Leicester's letter to King Philip of Spain, which Mme Deventer von Kunow discovered among the Spanish State Archives, begging King Philip to use his influence with Queen Elizabeth to secure his public acknowledgment as Prince Consort........No one can possibly follow Mme D. von Kunow's revelations and remain unconvinced.--Williard Parker in the Foreword to Francis Bacon, Last of the Tudors
1. From the first biography of Francis Bacon, by Dr. William Rawley, Bacon's secretary and chaplain:
"Francis Bacon, the glory of his age and nation, the adorner and ornament of learning, was born in York House, or York Place."
York House was in the Strand, near the Watergate; York Place was a term used for Whitehall Palace .( residence of Queen Elizabeth I) Surely Bacon's own secretary, chaplain and biographer would know where he was born. But the term, York Place has since been disused and forgotten, so the hint--if that is what it is- it has not been taken up. (See the article :All is Not Gold That Glisters )
2. In the registry of births of St. Martin's in the Fields Trafalgar Square, for January 26th, 1561, 'Mr.' has been interlineated in front of the name of Francis Bacon-added as an afterthought.
3. As a boy, and as a young man, Bacon was always persona grata at Court, although he had no official position and no title.
4. Francis Bacon bore no resemblance to Sir Nicholas Bacon, but he did look like the Earl of Leicester, as shown in Hilliard's miniatures.
5. When Nicholas Bacon died, in 1579, he left Francis, his second son, no money in his will. The will is in Somerset House. He assumed that Queen Elizabeth would provide for him instead.
6. Bacon did not go to Nicholas Bacon's college in Cambridge, Corpus Christi, but to Trinity College, founded by Henry VIII, Queen Elizabeth's father.
7. While studying at Gray's Inn, his fees must have paid by someone else, Nicholas Bacon having left him penniless.
8. For five years, from 1580 to 1585, Bacon continually petitioned the Queen and others, regarding his "suit." Could this be recognition as the Queen's son? In 1592 he wrote to his uncle Lord Burleigh (William Cecil) :
"My matter is an endless question. Her Majesty has, by set speech, more than once assured me of her intention to call me to her service; which I could not understand out of the place I had been named to. I do confess, primus amour, the first love will not easily be cast off."
In another letter to Burleigh he wrote:
"I have been like a piece of stuff betoken in a shop." Coming from a commoner, this would be regarded as gross impertinence. Another complaint was made about the Queen in a letter to Anthony Bacon: " I receive so little thence, where I deserve the best."
9. In 1584, at the age of 23, Bacon was made Member of Parliament for Melcombe Regis(Portland), a royal borough. In those days , M.P.'s were not paid. At the same time Bacon had no brief's, as a barrister. Who paid his fees?
10. In 1593, while still poor, Bacon was given Twickenham Park, a villa with 87 acres of parkland, opposite the Queen's Palace at Richmond. It was at this house that most of his great works were written.
11. It is accepted that Elizabeth and Leicester were lovers. Immediately on her accession to the throne, she made Leicester Master of the Horse, an important position then, and gave him a bedroom next to hers at Whitehall. They had both been prisoners in the Tower of London in 1554 and 1555. In "Francis Bacon:Last of the Tudors" by D.von Kunow,( page.11) the Tower chronicle mentions, recording a marriage ceremony between Elizabeth and Leicester conducted by a visiting monk.
12. A.L. Rowse, in "The Elizabethan Renaissance" , vol.1: "Of course, in the country and abroad, people talked about the Queen's relations with Leicester. In 1581 Henry Hawkins said that "my Lord Robert hath had five children by the Queen, and she never goeth in progress but to be delivered." Other such references occur in the State Papers."
Others who went on record as saying that Elizabeth had children by Leicester: Anne Dowe(Imprisoned), Thomas Playfair, who said that Elizabeth had two children, (imprisoned), Robert Gardner (pilloried), and Dionysia Deryck. (pilloried)
13. When the Queen came to the throne, the Act of Succession (1563) stated that the Crown after her death would go to the issue of her body "lawfully to be begotten." Eight years later, in 1571, this phrase was changed, to read "the natural issue of her body." The words; lawfully to be begotten ;were omitted.
14. In the Northumberland Manuscript, in Alnwick Castle, there is an interesting juxtaposition of Bacon's Christian name and William Shakespeare. The page consists of a contents list of speeches and other manuscripts. Underneath "by ffrancis William Shakespeare" we read "Richard II and Richard III. Over the word 'ffrancis' is written another word which it is impossible to read until the whole page is turned upside down. Then it is seen that the word is 'ffrancis ' and next to it , also upside down, are the words, 'your sovereign.' The probable date of the Manuscript is 1597.
15. In the Tower of London , in the Beauchamp Tower, in which Robert, Earl of Essex was imprisoned before his execution for treason, in 1601, there is an inscription carved into the stone wall which is still covered by a glass panel. It reads: "Robart Tidir"--the old spelling of Tudor. In the reference book in the Beauchamp Tower, this surname is twice deliberately misspelt Tider.
16. In Bacon's first letter to the new King, James I, written in 1603 to put on record his allegiance, he used one suprising word, 'sacrifice' :
"not only to bring you peace- offerings, but to sacrifice himself a burnt-offering to your Majesty's service." Another letter is quoted in 'Baconiana', a book published in 1679 (p.16)from Bacon to James I : I wish that I am the first, so I may be the last of sacrifices in your times."
As far as we know, Bacon sacrificed nothing under the new monarch. He was knighted, given his first full-time office, and promoted to the office of Lord Chancellor by James. It was at this time, in 1603, that Bacon wrote to a friend of his, the poet, John Davies, who had gone north to meet the King: "So desiring you to be good to concealed poets, I continue, yours very assured, Fr. Bacon."
17. In Canonbury Tower, Islington, in London, in the top room of the tower, there is an inscription on one of the walls, dating from the reign of Charles I. Bacon rented this house for nine years, from 1616 to 1625. In this inscription, all the kings and queens of England are listed, form William the Conqueror to Charles I . Between the names of Elizabeth and James I, there is a name that has been scratched out. The first letter may have been an F. What this name is, and why it was erased are two questions that remain unanswered.
18. Only three days after having been imprisoned in the Tower of London, after his trial for bribery, Bacon wrote this surprisingly peremptory letter to the Duke of Buckingham, the King's chief minister:
May 31, 162
Good my Lord,
Procure the warrant for my discharge this day. To die before the time of his Majesty's grace, and in this disgraceful place, is even the worst that could be."
This indicates that there was a secret deal with the King, that he would be quickly released from the Tower. What was Bacon's part of the deal? Perhaps his promise to continue to keep his mouth shut about his real identity. Four months later , his enormous fine of $40,000 pounds was canceled. (Read the "Martyrdom of Francis Bacon " by Alfred Dodd)
19. No one knows where Bacon is buried. His monument is in St. Michael's Church, St. Albans.
There is no account of his death, funeral, or burial. The vault beneath the monument has been sealed up. His monument in this church is unusual, in that he is portrayed wearing a hat in church. Is this a symbol of something being concealed, keeping something under his hat? He wears a hat in all the portraits of him in adult life. The Latin inscription on the monument contains this sentence: " Composita Solvantur" - let compounds be dissolved. This does remind one of Hamlet's exclamation, "Oh that this too, too solid flesh would melt, thaw, and resolve itself into a dew." And King Richard II says ," O that I were a mockery King of Snow."
20. In the Life of Francis Bacon , by Pierre Amboise, 1631:
"Francis Bacon saw himself destined one day to hold in his hands the Helm of the Kingdom. He was born of the Purple."
21. Whenever Bacon mentions his father, he does not give a name. Whenever he mentions Sir Nicholas Bacon, he never says he was his father. This proves nothing , but it is possibly significant. In a letter to James I, just before his trial for bribery, Bacon wrote:
"I have been no avaricious oppressor of the people. I have been no haughty, or intolerable, or hateful man, in my conversation or carriage. I have inherited no hatred from my father, but am a good patriot born."
22. The clearest indication of Bacon using another name for his work is in Tobie Matthew's letter to Bacon , in 1623, written from France:
"The most prodigious wit, that ever I knew of my nation, and of this side of the sea, is of your Lordship's name, though he be known by another."
23. Bacon, and whoever wrote the Shakespeare plays have obviously taken pains not to leave any clear hint of their own places of birth and childhood surroundings. There is absolutely no case at all for saying the author to the plays must have been a Warwickshire man. Just as good a case could be made out for any other county- Hertfordshire or Middlesex for example. In the Shakespeare Concordance you will see how seldom any Warwickshire town or village is mentioned. Stratford -on -Avon is not mentioned once in 37 plays. St. Albans is mentioned 23 times. Why would William of Stratford deliberately cover his tracks like this? The only reference to the Forest of Arden, in As You Like It, are decided uncomplimentary : "Is this the Forest of Arden?" "Aye." Touchstone: " I wish I were in another place, but we travellers must be content. " And further on he tells the country yokel, William, " All our writers do now consent that thou art not ipse , but I am he."
24. There is no denying that the Shakespeare plays are the most regal ever written-regal both in content and style. The kings and queens in these plays number 27, and a recurrent theme is legitimacy. Not only is monarchy the setting and the subject of the plays; the circumstances of their first performances were often regal. A third of all the Shakespeare plays were first performed for a royal occasion. These include The Winter's Tale, Cymbeline, the Tempest, Macbeth, Measure for Measure, Merry Wives of Windsor, Twelfth Night, Henry VIII, King Lear, Love's Labour's Lost, and Othello. There is no record of William Shakespeare being presented either to Queen Elizabeth or to King James.
25. If you ask people to say which, in their opinion, is Shakespeare's greatest play, the majority will say Hamlet. The central character of this play is the heir to the throne- and one of his lines is " but break, my heart, for I must hold my tongue." Great fiction is always autobiographical. Every great novelist and playwright writes about his own life. There is always a close connection between the written works of a great author and his own life. Dickens, Wilde, Byron, Chekov, Tolstoy, Jane Austen, all show this very clearly. One of Jane Austen's friends, Mrs. Barrett, said that Anne Elliott , the heroine of Persuasion , was Jane herself.
Shakespeare's two houses
The former owner of New Place, the house Shakespeare bought for $60 pounds in Stratford in 1597, after only five years in London, was William Underhill, a kinsman of John Underhill, a gentleman usher to Francis Bacon. William Underhill's stepbrother was William Hatton, whose widow, Elizabeth, in 1597 was courted by Bacon.
A previous owner of Shakespeare's house in Blackfriar's was Anne Bacon. (Francis' stepmother) In 1604 her son, Matthew Bacon sold it to Henry Walker, who sold it in 1613 to William Shakespeare. Matthew was admitted to Gray's Inn in 1597.